Being underweight may not be as common as being overweight is, but it carries its own set of health risks. Some people are naturally underweight and have difficulty adding pounds, while other might have an eating disorder that puts them in a lower weight range. Gaining weight can help counteract these health issues, but should be done under the supervision of your physician.
- Weak Immunity: Generally, a person who is underweight has a weak immune system that acts as a guard against diseases. Very thin people are more prone to illness during the cold and flu season. Those who are underweight can also have cancer that may be due to abnormal cell growth in the body.
- Anemia: Many people who have low weight feel tired most of the time. This lack of energy is caused due to nutritional deficiencies, and it also affects blood circulation and causes anemia. Lack of folate and vitamin B cause anemia. Hence, underweight people should eat properly and take nutritional supplements.
- Fertility Problems: Low weight also causes fertility problems in women. Your menstrual cycle can become very irregular. This makes it difficult to sustain a pregnancy since it affects the uterine lining from where the fetus derives nutrients. Underweight women have 72% chances of miscarriage. Underweight men can have sexual problems like erectile dysfunction, painful intercourse, problems in ejaculation, as well as low sperm count.
- Bone Damage: Both men and women who have very low weight have an increased risk of osteoporosis. This happens due to hormonal changes and lack of vitamin D and calcium. Accidents can cause fracture or, sometimes, death in underweight people. In women, lack of estrogen can lead to weak bones. One should consult the doctor and dietitian, and start gaining weight by opting for a healthy diet plan.
People resort to absurd fad diets and have slimming pills to look great. Don’t forget that you can look glamorous by eating healthy.